族群源起

Seediq people must have brave behaviors in wars or hunting to be tattooed. Seediq women must have good-looking face and excellent weaving skills to be qualified for tattoo. After married, this tattoo symbolizes chastity to their husband.

Men often have tattoos on the forehead and jaw; women have tattoos on the forehead and cheeks. Men who hunted heads or women who had outstanding weaving technique had the privilege to have specific tattoo on the chest, hands, feet, or forehead as the symbol of glory. Only people with face tattoo can be married and have offspring; those who do not have tattoo will be seen as children and laughed at. The Seediq believes that through the tattoo on the face, they can declare to the tribe that they are men of use.

After the Japanese took control of Taiwan, they dispatched official policemen to take over the mountain resources. Moreover, other Japanese working in the mountain were given positions as police or volunteers. Therefore, carpenters, plasterers, blacksmith, and straw mat makers became police because the salary was high and they could do whatever they wanted. Wushe was under construction then. The Japanese troops sent mountain people to Mhebu to chop down the forest. The wild animals disappeared as the woods were chopped down. The living for tribes was getting harder and harder as lacked of natural resources. The aboriginal people were repressed, labored, delayed in payment for years, which was the fuse of Wushe Incident.

Japanese people not only greatly constructed Wushe to build Wude Temple and Wushe Public School, but they ordered mountain people to chop down the woods and transfer those to Wushe. In order to save energy, the mountain people used iron rope to slide the woods to the ground, by which the Japanese police were furious. These mountain people were beaten.

On October 7th 1930, when the mountain people held a traditional wedding banquet in Mhebu, a Japanese police was invited. The oldest son of Mouna Rudao, Daho Mona, offered a toast to the police who refused and beat Daho Mona twice with police baton. The other aboriginal people then beat the Japanese police who left and said he would punish these people.

Mouna Rudao was afraid the wedding incident would do no good to the mountain people; therefore, he took wine to apologize. The Japanese police refused and insisted on punish everyone involving in the incident. The sincere apologize of Mouna Rudao was not accepted. Both parties left with anger, which was another fuse of Wushe Incident.

Japanese aboriginal authorities sent a lot of policemen to the mountain to rule and plunder the mountain resources. Japanese police ravaged Seediq women by playing their affection and sexual abuse. To rule the mountain society, Japanese encouraged marriage between Japanese people and the daughter of the mountain leaders. However, these Japanese police mostly had families in Japan. The aboriginal wives could not be legally recognized. The sister of Mouna Rudao married a Japanese policeman who were relocated to Hualien and then disappeared. Mouna Rudao's sister had no choice but return to Wushe. Seediq had strong concept over chastity; therefore, Mouna Rudao resent Japanese police even more.

After a series of unfair treatment, Mouna Rudao realized that it was time to resist the brutal behaviors of Japanese. Mouna Rudao gathered Seediq tribes from Mhebu, Gungu, Boarung, Suku, Drodux, and Truwan. The teenagers were angry about the brutal behaviors of Japanese military. They swore on their lives to combat the Japanese. They started the incident during the rally event of Wushe Public School. Hanaoka Ichiro and Hanaoka Jiro from Gungu who accepted Japanese education since young participated in the plotting of Wushe Incident although they were the patrol and guard for Japanese. They also provided the weapons to Mouna Rudao.

In the morning of October 27th 1930, the governor held the opening ceremony. The aboriginal advisor and other Japanese came to the ceremony. People on the playground were quiet when the ceremony began. Now, the mountain people ambushed around the playground attacked. Aboriginal advisor was killed at sight. Later, 134 Japanese people on the playground were killed. This was a big attack to the Japanese military who repressed mountain people for a long time.

After the outbreak of Wushe Incident, Taiwan was shock. Japanese Governor General immediately dispatched police force in Taichung, Hualien, and Hsinchu, and Japanese military ordered an infantry and artillery troop from Taichung and Hualien to attack Wushe. One attacked the front, while the other troop attacked from behind. After three day and night battle, Mouna Rudao retreated to Mhebu while Japanese military stuck in the attack. The Japanese still could not take Mhebu after the support from machine gun troop and field artillery troop. Japanese, ignoring International Convention, used gas shells. Many people surrendered to the Japanese military while many others chose to hang themselves.

On October 30th, 1930, the women of Mhebu hanged themselves to avoid consuming limited food and give their husbands no worries.

The son of Mouna Rudao still could not surrender after his father died. Japanese military overcame the guerrilla strategies. Seediq could not fight the Japanese who had more and more guns and cannons. Finally, Mhebu was attacked. The incident was failed. In this incident, Japanese mobilized airplanes, cannons, fine weapons, and 1306 police, 1303 troops, and 1563 officers. 28 of military troops and police were killed and 26 of them were injured. 22 aboriginal people who assist the Japanese were killed and 19 were injured. The incident was put down after more than 40 days of battle.

The son of Mouna Rudao still could not surrender after his father died. Japanese military overcame the guerrilla strategies. Seediq could not fight the Japanese who had more and more guns and cannons. Finally, Mhebu was attacked. The incident was failed. In this incident, Japanese mobilized airplanes, cannons, fine weapons, and 1306 police, 1303 troops, and 1563 officers. 28 of military troops and police were killed and 26 of them were injured. 22 aboriginal people who assist the Japanese were killed and 19 were injured. The incident was put down after more than 40 days of battle.